Development of Methodology of Spatial Orientation Teaching in the Field of IT

  • Brigita Albertová Rehabilitačné stredisko pre zrakovo postihnutých, Kasárenská 16, 054 01 Levoča, Slovakia
  • Pavel Andres Czech Technical University in Prague, Masaryk Institute of Advanced Studies, Department of pedagogical and psychological studies, Kolejní 2637/2a, 160 00 Prague 6 Czech Republic
  • Jaroslav Kultan Univeristy of Economics in Bratislava, Dolnozemska cesta 1, 85335 Bratislava, Slovakia


At present, there is a huge development of information technologies, which are also being used to improve the quality of life of people with limited opportunities. This group also includes blind people. While much attention is paid, this aid does not reach the level they could achieve with the active use of IT. Teaching spatial orientation is often divided into two parts - micro orientation and macro orientation. The first part teaches them to orient themselves on the table and in the vicinity. And the second part - they teach movement around the building, near the place of residence or in the city. Such a learned orientation is less effective in the outside. The aim of this work is to point out ways to develop spatial orientation teaching, which will take into account the great potential contribution of information technology. Therefore, the work is divided into three main parts: contemporary didactics of spatial orientation, some IT possibilities and possibilities of development of didactics of spatial orientation teaching. Authors Dušan Driensky and Roman Hrmo (2004, p.5) state: "Pedagogical-psychological research confirms that the effectiveness of perception and remembering is directly dependent on the number of sensors that are activated in the acquisition of knowledge." They also state that on average 83 % of the information perceives visually, 11 % audit and memorizes about 10 % of what he read, 20 % of what he has heard and 30 % of what he has seen. (Driensky - Hrmo, 2004) What is obvious for the sighted, it is very difficult or impossible for a weak-sighted person. This contribution has been supported by the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports of the Czech Republic (Education Policy Fund, 2018).
Research Article