Technical education in the context of the Fourth Industrial Revolution
AbstractThe onset of Industry 4.0 assumes a change in the nature and structure of the labour market. An unintended consequence of macro-structural social changes is the production of actors for whom it is difficult to adapt to the new conditions and who can thus join the socially redundant category. The development of Industry 4.0 threatens particularly low-skilled individuals (according to the Czech and Moravian Confederation of Trade Unions, 2017, Industry 4.0 represents a threat to 40% of jobs). The lack of social positions associated with usefulness and recognition, along with the attributes of the contemporary society (social atomization, individualization, and the decline of solidarity within society) and the tendency to psychologization of phenomena caused by structural causation (the individual as the only “party at fault” in his/her life situation) can contribute to social conflicts and the emergence of social-pathological phenomena. The simultaneous activity of representatives of generation X, Y and Z with a different character of knowledge and skills, expectations and demands for work-life balance will also be specificity and challenge for the labour market.The aim of the paper is to draw attention to the transformation of labour market requirements not only for graduates of technical universities within the transformation of the structure of job positions. Through data description and analysis, the contribution reflects the change in current theories and trends in education, and focuses on effective methods of interconnecting social sciences and engineering to reduce the risk of social deconversion.
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